Theory of Asynchronous Evolution


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Frequently asked questions

Q: How old is the theory and where was it first published?

A: The theory is 40 years old. It was first published in scientific-popular magazine “Nauka I Zizn”
     (“Science and Life”) in 1965.

Q: How many articles are published?

A: Since 1965 more than 150 articles were published devoted to different aspects of sex related questions—longevity, differentiation of a brain and hands, sex chromosomes, mechanisms of sex ratio regulation at plants and animals, heart diseases and other illnesses.

Q: Where the theory was presented?

A: Was presented at the following international congresses and symposia:
Symp. Natur. Selection, Liblice, CSAV, Praha, 1978.
Evolution and Environment. ČSAV, Praha, 1982
Evolution and morphogenesis. Praha, 1985.
Towards a New Synthesis in Evolut. Biol. Intern. Symp. Praha. 1987.
XII, XIII, XIV on Genetics,
IV on Human Genetics
II, III, IV, and V on Evolutionary Biology.          
2nd Congress of the European Anthropological Association, Brno, 1980.
XXXIII International Congress of Physiological Sciences. St. Petersburg, June 30 - July 5 1997.
The 14th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. July 26-August l, 1998.

Numerous (more than 50) presentations in Russia.
Two conferences dedicated to theory only (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1990, 1991).
See also Chronology and Milestones and Notability, Citations pages.

Q: Where can I find more information and publications about the theory?

A: On this site under the “Articles” tab.

Q: What organisms are covered by the Evolutionary Theory of Sex?

A: The theory applies to plants, animals and humans.

Q: What levels of organization are covered by the Evolutionary Theory of Sex?

A: All levels of organization can be explained: cell, organ, population, social and psychological.

Q: What topics or problems related to sex are covered?

A: How to describe the evolution of a character (to define the evolutionary direction of any feature, to differentiate evolving and stable features, to define the current phase of feature’s evolution process) (all species).
The mechanisms of Sex Ratio regulation (all species).
The reaction norm.
The evolutionary role of sex chromosomes (all species).
The role of pollen amount in regulating dispersion, sex ratio and sexual dimorphism of dioecious or cross-pollinated plants offspring (plants).
The explanation of father’s and mother’s dominant features of reciprocal hybrids (animals).
The explanation of congenital malformations of the heart and major blood vessels (humans).
The explanation of brain asymmetry and handedness (animals and humans).
The explanation of psychological sexual dimorphism (humans).

The explanation of sexual dimorphism in anthropology.

Q: What branches of science or what specialists can use the theory?

A: Theory can be used as an explanatory and prognostic tool in biology, genetics, medicine, anthropology, brain research and psychology.

Q: What phenomena can be predicted?

A: For the list of predictions click here.
It was possible to relate together Past and Future forms of traits in different phenomena such as phylogeny, ontogeny, sexual dimorphism, dominance, mutation, heterosis, and reciprocal differences. Any of these phenomena can serve as a “compass” indicating the direction of the evolution of a given trait.

Q: What theories can be replaced as an explanation of general phenomena?
      [all theories listed can still be important in order to explain specific mechanisms]

Evolutionary Theory of Sex

A: The theory of sexual selection (C. Darwin), the “Ratchet theory”, R. Fisher—H.T. Müller theory, the “Gene
theory (R. E. Michod, 1995), the theory of gene imbalance (Gunter, 1923; Huxley, 1924; Lenz, 1923;
     Schirmer, 1929), the metabolic theory (McArthur and Baillie, 1932), the “theory of equal expenses” (R. Fisher)
     The theories of Congenital Malformations of the Heart and Major Blood Vessels (Rokitansky, 1875; Spitzer, 1923;
     and Krimski, 1963).

Q: What theories Theory of Asymmetrization of Organisms, Brain and Body can replace?

A: All theories of brain asymmetry, all theories of left-handedness (The Right Shift Theory M. Annett, 2002), The
     Geschwind-Behan-Galaburda (GBG) Theory of Left-Handedness



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